Parliamentary elections in November 2002 brought about a jolt in political system. None of the established parties made it into the parliament, but the year-old, conservative Justice and Development Party (AKP), led by Recep Tayyip Erdogan, came out on top with over 34 percent of the votes. Turkey’s archaic majority electoral system gave the AKP almost two-thirds of the seats.
Under his leadership, the Turkish society moved forward and the press and the public enjoyed greater freedom of expression, and extensive economic reform programs were introduced. The Turkish military, notorious for staging numerous coups and for reckless clashes with Turkey’s Kurdish population throughout the 1980s and 1990s, was forced out of politics. On 15 July 2016, a coup attempt was again made but failed. After years of stagnation, Turkey under the AKP began to reap the benefits of modernization.
Now, Erdogan has again made landmark victory in election and became President of Turkey. AFTER 15 years in power, both as prime minister and president of Turkey, Recep Tayyip Erdogan is set to start a new term as president following his party’s election victory. Securing just over 52pc of the vote, the veteran politician survived a challenge mounted by the opposition CHP. While Turkey indeed has come a long way under Erdogan and the AKP’s watch, these successes should not lead to a democratically elected autocracy, as the Turkish leader is set to assume a more powerful presidency.
However, internally and externally, Erdogan faces numerous challenges. For example, his vow to go after the Kurdish PKK in Iraq and Syria will certainly not go down well with Turkey’s own Kurds. Moreover, the previous AKP-led government’s crackdown on opponents and those suspected to be linked to cleric Fethullah Gulen was a troubling development.
Recep Tayyip Erdogan has won the election in Turkey and Turkish politics and governance is going to be changed. He addressed thousands of his supporters in Ankara as the official result was announced and said that Turkey had set ‘an example to the rest of the world.’ He spoke of a commitment to fighting ‘terroristic organisations’ as well as, very significantly, ‘to continue to the fight to make the Syrian grounds freer.’ The result was declared with 97.7 of the poll counted and those votes still uncounted were insufficient to alter the result whichever way they went. Although the opposition had not conceded it said that it would abide by the result, its own numbers being lower than predicted at 30.68 per cent. A pro-Kurdish party has passed the 10 per cent threshold and entered parliament, diluting the Erdogan majority in doing so.
At present, there are several regional challenges which are threat to regional security. ISIS is also emerging threat which needs coordinated efforts. Iran, Turkey, Pakistan, China and Russia are on the same page to counter security threats in the region. The victory of Erdogan will help to boost efforts to stabilize the region and bring stability in the region.
The law and order issue in Afghanistan is a big issue for all neighboring countries. The ISIS has started emerging in Afghanistan which had raised concerns for Pakistan, Iran and Central Asian States.Erdogan has been very active to find the measures to counter terrorism threats in the region. He would be playing as leading role to address issues of the regional countries.
Pakistan has been facing threat of isolation on globe due to the lobbying of India. Erdogan has been very supportive of Pakistan on international level to counter the conspiracies of India. So, we should support and hope that he would continue playing his role as a fried of Pakistan in future.